NGO FPA

Primary Emergency Decisions


A Primary Emergency financing Decision is a special type of Emergency financing Decision designed to cover the first immediate needs of the people concerned in the hours and days after the outbreak of a new humanitarian crisis.

It is a first initial response which does not aim to cover all the needs. The Primary Emergency financing decision is appropriate in the case of sudden onset of natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes), and man-made disasters (e.g. conflicts).

This type of financing Decisions are taken by the Director-General within seventy-two hours from the outbreak of the humanitarian crisis.

The Actions financed under a Primary Emergency Decision

  • must start within five days from the outbreak of the crisis,
  • the duration should be limited to three months
  • it is not possible to extend the duration of the Actions.

Only one Primary Emergency financing Decision may be adopted for a specific crisis. Any other complementary financing decision covering the same crisis must take the form of an Emergency Decision.

When a crisis arises, Partners are invited to pro-actively contact ECHO to share their analysis of the situation and capacities to respond. ECHO may also contact Partners present in the country or the region affected with a view to prepare ECHO response.

Proposals should be submitted to ECHO as soon as possible after the onset of the crisis. In some cases, the proposals will serve as background to draft the financing decision.

Once they have been issued, they are published on the ECHO website


References & useful links