The legal base for the Emergency financing Decisions is the Article 13 of the Humanitarian Aid Regulation.
The Emergency financing decisions cover both new crises and existing humanitarian crises where humanitarian aid is already under way, but where continuing uncertainty and instability (a 'crisis within a crisis') require an appropriate, rapid and flexible response (e.g. where there are sudden deteriorating weather conditions within a natural disaster situation).
Experience shows that most Emergency financing decisions are taken to react to sudden natural disasters and a few of them are related to conflicts (e.g. sudden flows of refugees).
The duration of individual Actions financed under this type of Decision
- shall be limited to six months and
- can not be extended .
Emergency Decision Adoption's Procedure
Emergency financing Decisions up to and including EUR 10,000,000 are transmitted for information to the Humanitarian Aid Committee (HAC) within 48 hours of their adoption and there is no right of scrutiny of the European Parliament (EP).
On the contrary, when the European Commission adopts Emergency financing Decisions of an amount above EUR 10,000,000, both the HAC and the EP have to be involved
When a crisis arises, Partners and Un Agencies are invited to pro-actively contact ECHO to share their analysis of the situation and capacities to respond. ECHO may also contact those that are present in the country or in the region affected with a view to prepare ECHO response.
Once they are issued, the Emergency decisions are published on ECHO website